Blood and body fluids may contain pathogens, such as Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), or Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
What is an exposure?
- Needle stick or cut from sharp object contaminated with blood and, or body fluid.
- Blood or body fluid contact with broken skin such as open cut, wound, or dermatitis.
- Blood or body fluid contact with mucous membrane such as eyes, nose and mouth.
What to do if there is an exposure
- Wash single-use gloves prior to handling or dressing the wound.
- Wash the exposed skin surface with water and soap. If the area is bleeding, allow it to bleed freely. After cleaning the wound, apply a skin antiseptic and cover with a clean dressing or bandage.
- If there has been a splash onto a mucous membrane such as eyes, nose or mouth, flush the area thoroughly with water.
- The person exposed must immediately contact a physician.
- Document all incidents and keep records on site for one year and on file for five years. Document the following information when there has been an exposure:
- Full name (first and last), mailing address and phone number of the person exposed
- Full name (first and last) of Personal Service Worker involved in the incident
- Date of injury and exposure
- Details of the exposure including where on the body the injury or exposure occurred and how the injury or exposure occurred
- Action taken
- Clean all exposed equipment to remove organic material. Disinfect equipment using the appropriate level of disinfection.
Source: Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Infection Prevention and Control Best Practices for Personal Services Settings, January 2009
Accidental Exposure Recording FormBusiness name and location:
|Date of Incident (Date/Month/Year)||Exposed Person's Full Name, Address, Phone number||Details of Accidental Exposure||Action Taken||Name of Personal Service Worker involved in Exposure|