Ten Things you Should Know about Stimulants

  1. Stimulants are drugs that speed up the central nervous system. Stimulants range from mild and legal (caffeine), to moderate and prescribed (Ritalin) to strong, toxic and illegal (cocaine).
  2. Possible psychological effects of stimulants include: boost in mood, greater alertness and energy, delusions, anxiety and paranoia, wakefulness, and increased aggression and irritability.
  3. Physical effects include: increase in heart rate, breathing and blood pressure, dilated pupils, tremors or seizures, high fever, possible broken blood vessels in the brain, or heart failure.
  4. Amphetamines are synthetic stimulants. Long-term effects of misuse include: malnutrition, mental problems, exhaustion due to sleeplessness, memory loss and permanent psychotic symptoms.
  5. Methamphetamines are much stronger than amphetamines. They can be smoked, swallowed, injected or snorted.
  6. “Crystal Meth” is one of the street names for a very deadly form of methamphetamine that can be easily made with household chemicals. It has a high potential for misuse and lasting harmful effects.
  7. Cocaine, like the other stimulants, is a very addictive major stimulant of the central nervous system.
  8. Signs of stimulant abuse can include: malnutrition, exhaustion, extreme nervousness, skin and teeth problems, paranoia and sudden violent, irrational acts.
  9. Withdrawal from any stimulant can result in extreme fatigue, disturbed sleep, acute anxiety, hunger, depression and suicidal thoughts.
  10. Stimulant-related deaths from overdose are often the result of cardiac arrest or seizure.